# Probability terms

### Probability Key Terms - Probability The probability of an

Proposal Number Sense Interactive Quiz Lesson Plans History Problem Bank Glossary Quotes Helpful Links References.Slope is defined as the vertical change between two ordered pairs divided by the horizontal change between those pairs.The ratio of the number of favorable outcomes of a probability experiment to the number of trials.It represents how many pieces the whole has been divided into.A relationship where a number either increases at the same rate that another increases or decreases at the same rate as another decreases.Trapezoid A four-sided, closed shape with straight lines and only one pair of opposite sides equal.A quadrilateral in which both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.The difference between the first quartile and the third quartile.A single ratio comparing a part to a whole or two equivalent ratios.Percents represent part-to-whole relationships that have been converted into a ratio where the whole is equal to 100.The basis for such artifacts as wheels, wedding rings, and many types of cookies.Looks like a kitty cat when you squint and tilt your head to the left.

The length from the center of a circle to any point on its edge.For instance, instead of picking one card from a deck, you pick two cards and find the likelihood of a King of Hearts and Queen of Diamonds being selected.Compute the probability of either of two independent events occurring.These formal terms are manipulated by the rules of mathematics and logic, and any results are interpreted or translated back into the problem domain.

### Probability Terms

Rather than continue on forever, line segments are one-dimensional lengths caught between two endpoints.Alternate interior angles are congruent if and only if the two lines crossed by the transversal are parallel.A 3D solid with two polygonal bases that are parallel and rectangular faces connecting them.Apothem The distance from the center of a regular polygon to the midpoint of one side.The pair of angles on the outside of the two lines cut by the transversal and on alternate sides of the transversal.No equal signs on these bad boys, since they represent a single value.

One collection of possible results gives an odd number on the dice.If two events A and B occur on a single performance of an experiment, this is called the intersection or joint probability of A and B, denoted as.Can be positive or negative, depending on which side of the bed it woke up on.They found something that works for them and they see no reason to change things up.We said for example. Sheesh. Any number or variable that is multiplied by something else.

Probability the likelihood of an event occurring Likelihood or chance of the occurrence of an event.This high school probability and statistics class is aligned with the Common Core State Standards.The middle value in a data set when all of the values are lined up in order.A linear plot is one that goes from one event to the next in the order they happen—no flashbacks or flashforwards, and probably not a lot of subplots.

Coplanar on the same plane Used to describe lines or points that are all on the same plane.A ball-shaped figure in which every surface point is equidistant from a center.Glossary of Statistical Terms adjusting or controlling for a variable: Assessing the e ect of one variable while. read as the probability that event Ahappens.

Lines that will never intersect, because they share the same slope.If there is no middle (like when we have an even number of data points), we just take the mean of the two numbers in the middle and, voila, a median is born.The range is the extent of land (or water) that a species occupies.Improper Fraction A fraction that tells bawdy jokes in mixed company.A triangle in which one of the angles is more than 90 degrees.Two angles that are on the inside of the parallel lines and opposite sides of the transversal.Probability theory is applied in everyday life in risk assessment and modeling.Kallenberg, O. (2005) Probabilistic Symmetries and Invariance Principles.

The first law was published in 1774 and stated that the frequency of an error could be expressed as an exponential function of the numerical magnitude of the error, disregarding sign.When a transversal crosses two parallel lines, corresponding angles are congruent Two angles that are in the same relative place compared to each of the two lines and the transversal that cuts them.A measure of the amount of 2D space it takes to cover a 3D figure without gaps or overlaps.The amount of three-dimensional space that an object takes up.Diagonal a line connecting two vertices of a polygon A segment that connects the two pairs of opposite vertices in a quadrilateral.A probability calculated from data over many trials of an experiment, and which represents the probability a given event in the sample space has of occurring.

Parallelogram A four-sided, closed shape with straight lines and two pairs of opposite sides that are parallel.A mathematical statement that says two expressions or values are equal to one another.

If two events are mutually exclusive then the probability of either occurring is.Introduction to Probability - eBook, by Charles Grinstead, Laurie Snell Source ( GNU Free Documentation License ).The insurance industry and markets use actuarial science to determine pricing and make trading decisions.By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.They can be as simple as 3 or as complicated as -934 a 7 b 3.

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